What Is X50CrMoV15 Steel?
X50CrMoV15 Steel is synonymous with kitchen knives. If you're shopping for a new kitchen or chef knife today, chances are high you'll get a knife from a popular brand with the X50CrMoV15 Steel blade.
However, with no experience with this steel, you might find yourself at crossroads worrying whether or not this is a good steel for your new knife. You'll be asking yourself questions like…how is its cutting performance? Does it rust? Does it sharpen easily? How well does it hold its edge?
We've gathered all the crucial info available about this knife steel to help answer all the questions you have about the steel and easily decide whether to get an X50CrMoV15 Steel knife or not.
What is X50CrMoV15 steel?
X50CrMoV15, also known as 420MoV or 1.4116, is stainless steel produced by a.o. German manufacturers. Its cryptic X50CrMoV15 stands for 0.5% carbon and the 15% stands for Chromium (Cr). The MoV stands for Molybdenum (Mo) and Vanadium (V)—additional elements that improve its grain structure and durability.
Despite some misleading marketing claims, X50CrMoV15 isn't a high carbon.
The German steel is popular with kitchen knives. Its high rust and corrosion resistance and great cutting characteristics are some of the top features that make the steel ideal for producing highly reliable kitchen knife blades.
We have just mentioned that X50CrMoV15 is NOT high carbon steel. But with a Carbon composition of 0.5%, we can safely say it's a moderately high carbon stainless steel. It features high chromium content plus a small molybdenum amount to give it greater corrosion resistance than the standard martensitic steel grades.
This is how the chemical composition of X50CrMoV15 looks like:
0.5% Carbon gives the steel increased hardness and increased wear resistance.
15% Chromium promotes high corrosion resistance. Additionally, it gives X50CrMoV15 better tensile strength, edge retention, and wear resistance.
0.8% Molybdenum increases strength and machinability.
1% Manganese increases the hardness and brittleness.
1% Silicon improves the steel strength.
0.04% Phosphorous increases strength.
0.015 Sulfur increases machinability; makes the steel easier to work with.
0.2% Vanadium improves the material hardenability and wear resistance. It simply allows for higher tempering temperatures to be used while giving greater toughness.
X50CrMoV15 steel properties
The X50CrMoV15 HRC hardness is 56. However, the hardness can run from 52 to 56 HRC depending on the manufacturer's heat treatment. This is a good hardness level—not too soft and not too hard.
X50CrMoV15 Edge retention
With low carbon content and relatively low vanadium amount, the X50CrMoV15 cannot produce extremely hard carbides. This means it's not capable of holding its edge for a really long time. Its edge-holding capability isn't the worst, but it's on the lower end than the high-end steels. Many users agree that the edge retention is worst when the knife is subjected to abrasive cutting. Otherwise, the blade has good stability.
One of the features that put this knife steel on the map is the high toughness it delivers. It compensates for not being super-hard steel by offering high toughness. You'll be impressed by how your knife can withstand shock, impact, and lateral forces in the face of abuse or tough cutting tasks.
X50CrMoV15 Corrosion resistance
Overall high resistance to corrosion and rusting is one of the things that have made this steel a staple for kitchen knives. It contains up to 15% chromium (more than what's needed to make any steel stainless). This, with the addition of Molybdenum, helps keep the knife from rusting or staining when in wet or humid areas.
Another plus about X50CrMoV15 is that it's extremely easy to sharpen. This is because it has moderate amounts of carbon, which makes it less hard steel. If you're just learning to sharpen knives, this is the steel to walk with on your learning curve; it will give you an easy time achieving a razor-sharp edge.
The easy sharpening is also a plus when you factor that this steel doesn't hold its edge for long. Since you'll need to sharpen it before each use, the easy sharpening will ensure you spend less time honing the blade to achieve a razor-sharp edge. You won't even need any advanced sharpening systems for this job.
X50CrMoV15 vs other steel
X50CrMoV15 vs. AUS10
AUS10 has high edge holding capability than x50crmov15. Both steels have great corrosion resistance. But X50CrMoV15 is easier to sharpen and is tougher than AUS-10.
X50CrMoV15 vs. VG10
VG10 is high carbon steel and delivers impressive edge retention performance. However, it's a bit harder to sharpen and is less tough than x50crmov15. Both steels have high corrosion resistance.
X50CrMoV15 vs 440C
440C holds its edge better and offer higher corrosion resistance compared to x50crmov15. But it has lower toughness than the German X50CrMoV15 steel.
Is X50CrMoV15 steel good for Knives?
X50CrMoV15 is a good steel for knives and offers high toughness, easy sharpening, and good corrosion resistance. The ability to stand up to abuse and resist corrosion makes this steel great for kitchen or camping/bush crafting knives. The easy sharpening makes the X50CrMoV15 stainless steel knife suitable for beginners who are still learning the honing game.
The fair cost surrounding the knives made from this steek makes them a good choice for knife users with a low budget looking for a quality knife with great performance.
Best Is X50CrMoV15 steel Knives
1. Derjob Professional 8 Inch Chef knife
This is a professional chef knife ideal for daily use in your kitchen. It's made using the German X50CrMoV15 stainless steel. Derjob produces this steel in high German standards to ensure it performs as per your expectations.
The knife comes with an 8-inch long blade with a 16-18 degrees edge for easier sharpening and maintenance. Because it's made using x50crmov15, this made has excellent corrosion and will withstand your wet kitchen environment. It's also easy to sharpen using standard methods like hone stone, sharpening steel, or a knife sharpener.
You'll like that this chef knife comes with an ergonomically designed pakkawood handle to offer you a better grip, comfort, and agility. It fits your hands perfectly well and has a good weight. And its great balance design makes the knife super easy to use.
The knife comes well packed in a nice box, which is perfect for day-to-day knife storage and makes it giftable to someone who loves cooking. The blade is sharp out of the box and ready to use. Overall, this knife is good value for money.
2. Fukep 3.5 Inch Paring Knife
This is a great multi-purpose knife for all the peeling, cutting, and slicing work in your kitchen or restaurant. It comes in a smaller size than other kitchen knives, making it ideal for users who prefer smaller kitchen knives over the long models.
The beautifully designed all-purpose kitchen knife features German steel 5Cr15MoVs for great strength and durability. This superb alloy also keeps away dulling and rust, enabling your knife to maintains its sharpness and great looks for long.
The edge is super-easy to sharpen, even for absolute beginners, and you can hone it by hand to achieve a razor-sharp edge.
You ought to be cautious when unwrapping this knife because it arrives super-sharp. But the great sharpness is a good thing because you can put this knife to work instantly. You can start slicing through meat, veggies, etc., with ease.
The pakkawood handle has an ergonomic shape and feels goods in your hands. You can do garnishing and carving over extended periods of time with this knife without getting wrist fatigue or developing hotspots on your hand.
Don't forget that this knife arrives in a gorgeous black gift box that looks high-end. Needless to say, this makes it a highly giftable knife for your wife or anyone in your life who loves cooking.
3. RIALAY INTERNATIONAL 8 Inch Chef Knife
This knife is also all-purpose and is specially designed for cutting, slicing, dicing, chopping, and mincing. It will enable you effortlessly cut meat, fish, fruits, veggies, and so on. It features an incredible design and quality that ranks it high above its competition.
We really loved this chef knife because it comes in a high-quality black gift box with a magnetic lock. So, if you're looking for a perfect gift for your mom, dad, grandparents, relatives, or friends who are into cooking, you just found the perfect gift!
This knife boasts an 8-inch long blade precision-forged 2.5-mm thick blade for reliable performance. It comes ultra-sharp out of the box and ready to use. Since it's made using the X50CrMoV15 German steel, it also offers good stain and rust resistance and is easy to sharpen.
A high-quality 2-stage knife sharpener comes included in the box to help you easily and quickly sharpen your blade in no time.
Like the other top-rated kitchen knives, this model also comes with a pakkawood handle whose ergonomic design and good balance help minimize wrist fatigue, finger numbness, and aches that come with using a kitchen knife for long periods of time.
If you're looking for a reliable kitchen knife at a reasonable price, you should consider models made with the X50CrMoV15 steel. The German-made steel has superb corrosion resistance, hardness, and toughness. Its only downside is poor edge retention, so it needs regular sharpening. But this is compensated by the fact that this steel is super-easy to sharpen.